Mount Pusuk Buhit

Mount Pusuk Buhit is a mountain located in the Samosir regency (its area including Samosir island) but not on the Samosir island. It has the height of 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) above sea level and 1,077 meters (3,533 ft) from the surface of Lake Toba. To see it on the map, click here.

What’s Special

The mountain is considered sacred for being the place of origin of Batak. According to the legend, Bataks are descendants of exceptional humans namely Siraja Odap-odap (also known as Siraja Batak, or King Batak) and Siboru Panujar. They were the first Batak to come to earth. The couple built their first settlement between Sagala valley and Lintong Maulana valley, which was on the foot of Mount Pusuk Buhit. The village was known as Sigulanti or Sianjur Mula-Mula. From there, Bataks have grown and spread out to what they are today.

There are also other sacred objects in the area, such Aek Sipitu Dai, Hobon Stone, and Sawan Stone.

What to Expect

There is a triangular building on top of the mountain. On every corner as well as in the middle of the building there is a white bowl filled with water and lime. Beside the bowl, there are sheets of betel leaf and lime fruit. On the left side of the building, there are two pillars each flying two flags of the same colors, i.e., white, red, and black. The colors represent spiritual symbols, i.e., white for heaven (purity), red for earth (tranquility), and black for underground (death). The site is for those who wish to take part in the prayer.

If you are looking for the breathtaking beauty of Lake Toba and the Bukit Barisan mountains on sunrise from the top of Pusuk Buhit, start climbing before dawn. To get there, you can ride a motorbike and trek for about 2 hours.

See other attractions on Samosir.